Small unsigned etching after his own painting.
7 x 11 cm.
Unknown etcher “aquafortiste”.
A copy of Chaplins painting “l’Extase” was sold in 2005 in America. Its title at the American auction (“Extasy”) nor the French title could not be verified to be original. If it is, this painting could be placed along Gustave Courbet’s (1819-1877) “Origin du Monde” openly referring to the sexuality of women (in picture and in title).
The painter Chaplin is mainly known for his exquisite portraits of young upperclass ladies and his like wise nudes: “Baigneuses” (bathers ) and “Odalisques”, reclining nudes. Their poses may indicate they’ve experienced a tiring and exciting experience (of a certain nature) shortly before.
At least 2 very nice original etchings by his hand were found, both “Nue de dos” probably also created after his own paintings.
Some research into Chaplins painting learned there are have been more, not exactly identical versions of “L’exstase”. The same goes for etched copies after the painting(s) created by several well known contemporary etchers.
The painting (or different copies) was copied at least three times by contemporary and fellow etchers, possibly a clue to the notoriety when the painting was fresh.
Eugène André Champollion (Embrun 1848 - 1901 Lettret) (left)
French writer and illustrator. Studied under Léon Gaucherel (1816-1886) and Edmond Hedouin (1820-1889). Champollion mastered the art of etching as well as most of engraving techniques. He contributed to the Magazine de Paris with etchings between 1873 and 1876 and the Gazette des Beaux-Arts. He exhibited several times in the Salon of French artists and the Universal Exhibitions of 1889 and 1900, especially the practice of interpretation and severe burning among others the work of Georges Rochegrosse. He created illustrations for bibliophile books for Edward Dentu, A. Ferroud, Damase Jouaust, etc.
Eugène Champollion seems not directly or closely related to the famous historian Jean Francois Champollion (1790 1832) who cracked the code of the Egyptian hieroglyphs, made a mezzotint engraving and so did Emile Boilvin (1845-1899).
Champollion’s version is obviously not the same girl as in recently sold painting because of the very different hairstyles. But it is signed both by Chaplin and Champollion which means Chaplin created (more than 2) different versions of “l’ Extase”. He also depicts the model with lips closed. In the (another version of) painting and in the artist own etched copy the lips are sensuously shown slightly opened.
Émile Boilvin (Saint Marie du Mont (Channel) 20-10-1845 - 1899 or 1920) (right)
Known to have worked in Algers and Tunis. Student of Quillard (?) and Migno (?). With Paul Adolphe Rajon (1848-1888) studied from 1862 at Paris “École des Beaux Arts” under Isidor Pils (1815-1875)
His painting ”Montagnes de Choua” was bought by the French State. Awarded “Officer de l’ordre du Nichan Iftikhar”. Exhibited in Reims, Rouen and Baltimore.
Lucien Nicolas Quarante (Metz 1860 - 1902 Paris) (below)
Painter and engraver. Studied al Paris “l'Ecole des Beaux-Arts” and in the studio’s of Cabanel (1823-1889) and Louis Pierre d’Henriquel-Dupont (1797-1892) and worked unde
the guidance of Fréderique-Auguste Laguillermie (1841-1934).
Exhibited for the first time in the 1887 Salon de 1887 with a portrait after Frans Halsearning a “Mention Honorable”. Exhibited frequently in the Salon mainly copying old masters.
He co-operated, worked for the journal “l’Art". His version of L’extase” is obviously after yet another copy of Chaplin’s painting. The model wears a ribbon around her neck while
her left hand is held upwards.
Creutz, Sophus (baptised Frederiksberg, Copenhagen 11-08-1872 - ?)
Painter, photographer and printmaker. Son of Paul Christian Creutz (1835-1892) and Sophie Marie Mortensen (1836 - ?)*.
He had a brother Fritz Ludwig Creutz and a sister Pouline Louise Creutz (1867-1948). His grandfather Friedrich Ludwig Creutz (b. 1789 – after 1845 census) married to Pauline Marie Jacobson, retired as a troop captain in Halderslev Denmark and came as a military from Hannover to Denmark with troop captain (“Rittmeister”) Johann Christian von Düring (1792-1862).
* His mother Sophie Marie Mortenson in genealogical internet databases is mentioned to have died in 1868, which seems controversial but is not impossible with Sophus’ date of baptism.
Mainly known from paintings showing the “Norddeutsche Landschaft” titled: "Finkenwärder Fischerboote" (1938), "Sonniger Tag am Brodener Ufer" (1941), "Bildnis Detlev von Liliencrons". Known by less then a handful of colour woodblock prints. He was befriended with poets Richard Dehmel (1863-1920) and Detlev von Liliencron (1844-1909) who’s portrait he painted and his portrait photograph was used for Liliencron’s 1909 posthumously published book “Letzte Ernte”.
A monochrome print found in America and now in this collection thanks to the help of Tom Clemens in Boston and is titled: “Aus einer nordfranzösischen Kleinstadt” (from a North-French Small city) Vervins 1917. It is probable Creutz was stationed in Vervins in WW-I as a soldier.
The medieval city of Vervins was captured August 30 1918, shortly after WW-I started and during the Great War stayed in German hands until it was liberated Nov.11 1918.
Exhibited in the “Hamburger Kunstverein” and in the Hamborg “Kunsthalle”: 1933, 1938, 1839, 1941.
Literature: Der Neue Rump – “Lexikon der bildenden Künstler Hamburgs, Altonas und der näheren Umgebung”, Wachholtz Verlag, Neumünster 2005, p.80.
He is not mentioned in any other artist lexicon or in Dresslers KHB.
* M. Creutz, “Königliche Hofphotopgraph”. Hamburg, Altonaerstrasse 2, Ecke Schulterblatt (1898).
Dear print lover, passing-by visitor and reader:
While this new gallery-museum site is under construction (being build-up, stocked and arranged) priority must be given to first add all the represented artists in the index with works from the collection and if possible with the examples from the archives.
During construction the site is open to visitors, questions, feedback and suggestions.
Read more about the artists, their lives, families and careers in the new and extensive Artist Lexicon: “DAS HAUS DER FRAU, the short biographies” accompanying this exhibition.
Hundreds of new artist biographies, a private publication in 2 Volumes written conveniently in English.
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