“Pollards - Kopfweiden” - Knotwilgen”)
Finding this neglected and orphaned water colour of a typical (is it ?) Dutch winter view of a still unidentified village, probably near The Hague, in a car boot was the starting point of an interesting investigative journey. Although as an artist and a human-being living, loving and working on this planet for 82 years, George Schulein today is completely obscured in history. Although much is still to be found out, added and fitted in, sharing what became known so far is interesting enough.
When exactly, and why Georg Schulein came to Holland from Munich is still a mystery. It is not recorded in any city administration. When and where he married Anna Martina Beeuwkes, the daughter of a local and equally obscured Dutch (The Hague) painter is also still unknown. Their marriage was probably without children.
What did became known is Georg was from a Munich Jewish Schülein family of bankers and international brewery owners, the generation above him a “band of brothers” working together, becoming very rich and influential. Note: Adolf Hitler held his first national socialist orations in his (Jewish !) uncles Munich brewery “Brauhaus”. Somehow their families almost all managed to escape Nazi Germany to New York in the late 1930’s and survived the Holocaust.
His artist cousin Julius married a French paintress in Paris and became a well known painter in New York. Others, including his brother Max became or married physicians and medical specialist, lawyers, art dealers, etc…
Interesting information about the Schülein brothers was found but all help by visitors and passers-by is welcomed to find more about his father Gustav and mother Amaly Fuchs, his uncle Julius family etc..
Below: all (3) other recently known works by Georg Schulein after recent scanning auction records. His interesting book illustrations are not shown her.
Some pictures to illustrate the Schülein biography.
1: Joseph Schülein (his uncle) with characteristic hat, painted by Leo Samberger (1861-1949)
2: The Löwenbräu Brand.
4: Grave monument of his uncle Jospeh and his wife Ida Bär in Munich
5: Julius Schülein (Georg’s cousin) and his French wife Suzanne Carvallo, also a painter.
6: Mending fishing nets on the beach (1912): lithograpby Julius Wolfgang Schülein (Georg’s first cousin).
7: Castle Kaltenberg 25 km. West of Munich, owned by his uncle Joseph and after WW-II by his cousin Fritz.
8: Schülein Munich residence, Richard Wagnerstrasse.
All biographic information and help by visitors and passers-by who happen to find this entry is very much welcomed. What is found and shared here was composed googling and puzzling on a rainy day in September 2022. All pictures borrowed freely from the internet and shared here are purely for academic and historic reasons and without any commercial motivation. GC
Georg Schulein (Munich 03-03-1887 - 02-11-1969 the Hague)
Forgotten Dutch, Jewish painter, illustrator, ethnologist. Son of Gustav Schulein and Amalia Fuchs (from Munich).
Married to Maria Martina Beeuwkes (the Hague 30-05-1895 - 1960). Census registers mention she left the Hague for Batavia NDI on 24-05-1921. Daughter of (forgotten) painter Reinier Bertus Beeuwkes and Anthony Kuipers (1859-1925).
Anthonia Kuipers (Zierikzee 27-03-1859 - 1925 the Hague) married the Hague 1889 painter Reinier Bertus Beeuwkes (the Hague 1858 - 1899 the Hague) son of Teunis Beeuwkes, house painter, and Aafje Fransen.
His official death certificate states: “son of Gustav Schulein and “Hanbury Fox” which was obviously a mistake by the clerk translating the official documents (“Fuchs - Fox”).
He has left no traces in history other than “working in the Hague from 1961” and recently two drawings appearing in online auctions (Illustrations or proof of an African trip). A watercolour painting (winter, pollards and view towards a canal & village with church tower) lead to this Schulein genealogy survey.
He was a member of a Munich family of Jewish descent that came a region just south of Neuremburg to Munich and rose to wealth and influence as several brothers (Joseph, Jakob, Julius and Gustav) worked together and made a name in the Bavarian beer brewery world also acting as bankers. Two sisters, Frieda and Amalia stayed unmarried. All managed to escape in time from Nazi persecution to America (New York)
Genealogy Schulein (Munich)
Hirsch Gumper Schulein (b. ar. 1790) married Schendel N.N. They lived in Thallmassing near Neuermberg. They had two sons:
Moses Schulein married to Henriette (Jette) Gunzenhauer): they had a son Hermann (1861-1942)
Joel (Julius) Schulein (Thalmässing around 1822 - around 1867) married Jeanette Gunzenhäuser (ar. 1825 - ar. 1900), daughter of Feuchtwangen wine merchant David Jacob Gunzenhauer (ar. 1790 - 1879) and Amalia Weihermann.
Their 4 sons (Joseph, Jacob, Julius and Gustav) and 2 daughters:
• Joseph Schulein (Thallmässing 1854-1938 Schloss Kaltenberg). Since the late 1880s brewery owner, philanthropist and banker married to Ida Baer (Oberdorf 1861-1929). He owned castle Kaltenberg after WW-I, his son Fritz was later depossessed by the Nazis but regained his property in 1949.
In 1921 Joseph Schülein’s brewery Unionsbräu, which had grown into the 2. largest Bavarian brewery after Joseph with his brothers took over the unsuccessful company, merged with Löwenbräu and decided to keep the Löwenbräu name since it was significantly older than the 1885-founded Unionsbräu. Some of the Unionsbräu tradition lives on with the name of Löwenbräu’s double bock beer, Triumphator, which was created by Unionsbräu.
Bürgerbräu was folded into the now larger company also in 1921. In the early 1930’s, Joseph Schülein passed the management to his son Hermann. Being Jewish, the Nazis called for a boycott of the “Judenbier.” In its Munich “Bierhallen” Hitler used to hold his Nazi speeches.
The brewery’s facilities were destroyed by allied bombing in 1943.
1: Hermann Schulein (1884-1970 New-York), married Louise F. Levy.
Dr. Hermann Schülein left Munich due to the anti-semitic policies being enacted by the National Socialist party. He became one of the top managers at the Liebman Brewery in New York. Working with Philip Liebmann, Schülein developed a dry lager beer with a European character to be marketed under the brand name "Rheingold." At the height of the brand’s success in the 1950's and 60's, the Liebmann Brewery had an output ten times that of Löwenbrau (the export-oriented brewery was once leading in Germany).
2: Dr. Fritz Schulein (b. 1885 - after 1955). Married Hedwig N.N. (b. 1884 - after 1940 New York) ). They had a son Max S.
Dr. Fritz Schülein spent much of his time at his farm at Kaltenberg Castle west of Munich, which he acquired in 1918. He was much loved by the people in the area, many of whom worked for him, and when he died in 1938, they took part in the funeral at the Jewish cemetery in Munich. Soon after, however, his son fled to his brother in New York, after being arrested and held for a brief period in the Dachau concentration camp. Fritz Schülein regained possession of Kaltenberg Castle in 1949 but sold it six years later to the Wittelsbach family, descendants of the former Bavarian kings
3: Kurt Schulein (b. 1891 - 1963 USA.)
4: Dr. Julius Schulein (Munich 1881- 1959 New-York) x Laura Mimi Kahn (1893- ?).
5: Elsa Haas-Schulein (1886 - 1982 New-York) x Dr. Alfred Haas (1878-1978 New-York).
6: Franziska (Mimi) Heinemann-Schulein (1882-1940 New York) x Theobald Heinemann (1860-1929).
• Jakob Schulein (1852-1891) married Johanna Krämer, daughter of Bernhard Krämer and Regina Marx. Regina was the granddaughter of “Hovbankir” Eduard Isidor Marx (1766-1832) and Jacobine Ascher (b. ar. 1778).
1. Hedwig Schulein (1882 - murdered 1942 Piaski Ghetto) x Sigward Cahnmann (1872-1942), brother of author and poet Klementine Kraemer-Cahnmann (1873 - murdered 1942) married to banker Max Kraemer (1864-1938), brother of Johanna Krämer.
2. Dr. phil. Julius Wolfgang Schulein (Munich 1881 - 1970 New-York) well known painter.
• Julius Schulein (1867-1947). No further information.
• Gustav Schulein (? - ?) married Amalia Fuchs (? - ?).
1. Dr. med. Max Schülein (Munich 08-07-1890 - 16-02-1939 Munich).
Married 2: Edith Angress (Berlin 1898 - after 1945, survivor of Theresienstadt.
Married 1: Auguste (Gusti) Cahnmann (Munich 24-10-1907 - after 1941 USA), his niece.
2. Georg Schulein, painter in the Hague (1887-1969 the Hague) married Maria Martina Beeuwkes (1895-1960). Survived the Holocaust in the Netherlands.
• Frieda Schulein (1859-1936 Munich)
• Amalia Schulein (1856 - 1949 Lima, Allan County Ohio US)
Dr. phil. Julius Wolfgang Schulein
(Munich 1881 - 1970 New-York)
Painter and cousin 1. of painter George Schulein
After obtaining a law degree in 1904, he entered Munich Academy where he studied under Hugo von Habermann (1849-1929). After studying in Paris, he returned to Munich and was one of the founders of the Munich New Secession group. He was also a member of the “Deutsche Kunstlerbund” and of the Secession in Berlin.
Julius Wolfgang Schülein was born into a family of Munich entrepreneurs, brewery owners and bankers. After studying law and philosophy, he enrolled at the Academy of Fine Arts in Munich, from which he graduated in 1907. He travelled in Italy, Spain and in France where he took residence after Hitler’s rise to power.
Suzanne Carvallo (Paris 1883-1972 New-York) was born in Paris into a distinguished family of Portuguese-Jewish descent. In 1908, they met at the private art school "La Palette" in Paris, and they got married in 1912. They settled in Munich that same year and co-founded the Munich Secession. In 1930, the Schüleins moved to Berlin, attracted by the city's vibrant art life. In 1933, with the intervention of the French ambassador to Germany François Poncet the Schülein’s were able to flee to Paris. During World War II, Julius was separated from his wife and interned as an enemy alien at Montauban, near Bordeaux, and other internment camps in the South of France. Suzanne fled from Paris in 1940 to the South of France, where she was finally reunited with her husband a year later. After a dangerous escape via Spain to Lisbon, they embarked on a ship bound for New York in 1941.
Schulein had his first solo show in New York in 1945, with other solo and group shows to follow. His work is in the collections of museums in Munich, Vienna, Darmstadt, Hamburg, and Bremen, and in private collections both in Europe and the United States of America.
Special exhibitions of selected works took place in New York at Knoedler Gallery, Delius Gallery as well as at Schoneman Galleries in the 1940s and 1950s.Today his works are located in the Lenbachhaus in Munich amongst others. He died at his home in New York City in November of 1970.
Jewish Schülein families in the Netherlands
(2 families both leading back to the Nuremberg Region)
Dr. Julius Schülein (Eschenau North of Neuremburg 1850 - 1915 the Hague). “Hoofdinspecteur van den burgerlijke Geneeskundige Dienst in Nederlands Indie”.
He is mentioned as one of 4 known Jewish physicians working for the Dutch Government in the Dutch East Indies. Marries Mathilde Auguste Joel (? - ?). (She had a son b. Padang 1873 from her first marriage with military Simon Gerard Prins in the NDI).
Nothing could be found in relation to Mathilde Auguste Joel.
They had two children born in NDI:
• Auguste Schulein (Madioen, NDI) 1886-1973) married NDI 1912 to Cornelis Laman-Trip (1878-1943). Their daughter Louise Mathilde Schaepman-Laman Trip (Buitenzorg NDI 1912-1963).
• Julius Rafael Schulein (b. 1882 - ?), banker, after WW-II managing partner in the Amsterdam Jewish Teixeira de Mattos private banking house est. 1852. The original owners of the bank all perished in the Holocaust. Married Johanna Maria Fruithof (1889-1945). They had two children.
• Maximilian (b.1909 - ?)
• Johanna Mathilde Louise (1913 - 1994 Bennekom) married Philip Elte (b.1913) grandson of Amsterdam architect Hartogh Elte. Their son b. 1946 Dr. int.med. Jan Willem Frederik Elte (b. 1946) and Dr. Int.med. Maurits Elte (d. 2018).
?? J.C.M. Schulein ?
?? A. van Os-Schulein ? Related to the Andreas Schulein branch (below).
Julius could be related to Hirsch Gumper Schulein.
In Amsterdam a Schulein family is mentioned from 05-11-1811 when Andreas Schülein, son of Andreas Schülein (b. ar. 1775 ?) and Anna Margaretha Kniese, is born. He starts the Amsterdam/Dutch Schülein dynasty.
In 1821 in Ansbach (West of Neuremburg) an Andreas Schülein “Schönfärber” is mentioned. (“Schönfärber”: Latin: Tinctor sericorum, German: “Seidenfärber”.